I read this story on social media thought of capturing it on my blog under World of Stories. I am not aware of source but its worth reading.
Here it is of Muri Mura & Muda:
The Taj hotel group had invited Mr. Masaaki Imai from Japan to hold a workshop for its staff.
The staff were very skeptical- the hotel is doing excellent business, this person from Japan has no exposure to hotel industry- what exactly is he going to teach?
But everybody as planned gathered for the workshop in the conference hall sharp at 9 am.
Mr. Masaaki was introduced to them- a not so impressive personality, nor the English all that good; spoke as if he was first formulating each sentence in Japanese and then translating it into rather clumsy English.
“Good morning! Let’s start work. I am told this is a workshop; but I see neither work nor shop. So let’s proceed where work is happening.
Let’s start with the first room on the first floor.” Mr. Masaaki, followed by the senior management, the participants, the video camera crew trouped out of the conference room and proceeded to the destination.
That happened to be the laundry room of the hotel. Mr.Masaaki entered the room and stood at the window, “beautiful view!” he said. The staff knew it; they need not invite a Japanese consultant to tell them this!
“A room with such a beautiful view is being wasted as a laundry room. Shift the laundry to the basement and convert this into a guest room.”
Aa Haa! now nobody had ever thought about that! The manager said, “Yes, it can be done.”
“Then let’s do it.”, Mr. Masaaki said.
“Yes sir, I will make a note of this and we will include it in the report on the workshop that will be prepared.” Manager
“Excuse me, but there is nothing to note down in this. Let’s just do it,just now.” Mr. Masaaki.
“Just now?” Manager
“Yes, decide on a room on the ground floor/basement and shift the stuff out of this room right away. It should take a couple of hours, right?” Mr. Masai.
“Let’s come back here just before lunch. By then all this stuff will have got shifted out and the room must be ready with the carpets, furniture etc and from today you can start earning the few thousand that you charge your customers for a room night.”
“Ok, Sir.” The manager had no option.
The next destination was the pantry. The group entered. At the entrance were two huge sinks full of plates to be washed. Mr. Masaaki removed his jacket and started washing the plates.
“Sir, Please, what are you doing?” the manager didn’t know what to say and what to do. “Why, I am washing the plates”, Mr. Masaaki.
“But sir, there is staff here to do that.” Manager Mr. Masaaki continued washing, “I think sink is for washing plates, there are stands here to keep the plates and the plates should go into the stands.”
All the officials wondered – did they require a consultant to tell them this?
After finishing the job, Mr. Masaaki asked, “how many plates do you have?’
“Plenty, so that there should never be any shortage.” Manager.
Mr. Masaaki said, “We have a word in Japanese-‘Muda‘. Muda means delay, muda means unnecessary spending. One lesson to be learned in this workshop is to avoid both. If you have plenty of plates, there will be delay in cleaning them up. The first step to correct this situation is to remove all the excess plates.”
“Yes, we will say this in the report.” Manager.
“No, wasting our time in writing the report is again an instance of ‘muda’. We must pack the extra plates in a box right away and send these to whichever other section of Taj require these.
Throughout the workshop now we will find out where all we find this ‘muda’ hidden.”
And then at every spot and session, the staff eagerly awaited to find out muda and learn how to avoid it.
On the last day, Mr. Masaaki told a story.
“A Japanese and an American, both fond of hunting, met a jungle.
In the pursuit of game they entered deep jungle and suddenly realized that they had run out of bullets.
Just then they heard a lion roaring. Both started running.
But the Japanese took a short break to put on his sports shoes.
The American said, “What are you doing? We must first get to the car.”
The Japanese said, “No. I only have to ensure that I remain ahead of you.”
All the participants engrossed in listening to the story, realized suddenly that the lion would stop after getting his victim!
“The lesson is competition in today’s world is so fierce, that it is important to stay ahead of other even by just a couple of steps.
And you have such a huge and naturally well endowed country. If you remember to curtail your production expenditure and give the best quality always, you will be miles ahead as compared to so many other countries in the world.”, Mr. Masaaki.
What is ‘Muda’?
MUDA: any activity in your process that does not add value. MUDA is not creating value for the customer. In short: WASTE
Type I muda: Non-value-added tasks which seam to be essential. Business conditions need to be changed to eliminate this type of waste.
Type II muda: Non-value-added tasks which can be eliminated immediately.
Peter Schilling suggests:
1.Design the system with sufficient capacity to fulfill customer requirements without overburdening people, equipment, or methods (MURI.)
2.Strive to reduce variation/fluctuation to a bare minimum.(MURA)
- Then strive to eliminate sources of waste!(MUDA)
BUT REMEMBER: Quality first, then cost – first stop shipping scrap.
Mura and Muri are most of the time the root causes of Muda
Muda has also rootcauses itself.
Muri and Mura also.
Muda type II is easy to eliminate and gives quick results…. but for how long?
Take a careful look at your Mura and your Muri as you start to tackle your Muda. Ask why there should be any more variation in your activities than called for by customer behavior. Then ask how the remaining, real variation in customer demand can be smoothed internally to stabilize your operations. Finally ask how overburdens on your equipment and people — from whatever cause — can be steadily eliminated.
This will be hard work and will require courage because it will sometimes require you to re-think longstanding sales, management, and accounting practices that create the Mura and Muri. However, if you can eliminate Mura and Muri at the outline to create a stable environment for your sales, operations, and supply management teams, you will discover that Muda can be removed much faster. And once removed it will stay removed.
Muda eliminated only taking in mind MUDA means that the MUDA can come back like a sniper.
‘Muri’ experienced by machines, gives rise to Mura in their performance!